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SLC16A2

Synonyms
AHDS, DXS128, DXS128E, MCT 7, MCT 8, MCT7, MCT8, MRX22, XPCT
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes an integral membrane protein that functions as a transporter of thyroid hormone. The encoded protein facilitates the cellular importation of thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), reverse triiodothyronine (rT3) and diidothyronine (T2). This gene is expressed in many tissues and likely plays an important role in the development of the central nervous system. Loss of function mutations in this gene are associated with psychomotor retardation in males while females exhibit no neurological defects and more moderate thyroid-deficient phenotypes. This gene is subject to X-chromosome inactivation. Mutations in this gene are the cause of Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
2
Likely pathogenic
1
VUS
384
Likely benign
23
Benign
621

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 3 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on SLC16A2 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the nervous system
100%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
66.7%
Abnormality of head or neck
33.3%
Abnormality of the eye
33.3%
Growth abnormality
33.3%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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