Home > Gene Browser > PTP4A2

PTP4A2

Synonyms
HH13, HH7-2, HU-PP-1, OV-1, PRL-2, PRL2, PTP4A, PTPCAAX2, ptp-IV1a, ptp-IV1b
External resources
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a small class of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are cell signaling molecules that play regulatory roles in a variety of cellular processes. PTPs in this class contain a protein tyrosine phosphatase catalytic domain and a characteristic C-terminal prenylation motif. This PTP has been shown to primarily associate with plasmic and endosomal membrane through its C-terminal prenylation. This PTP was found to interact with the beta-subunit of Rab geranylgeranyltransferase II (beta GGT II), and thus may function as a regulator of GGT II activity. Overexpression of this gene in mammalian cells conferred a transformed phenotype, which suggested its role in tumorigenesis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. Related pseudogenes exist on chromosomes 11, 12 and 17.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
1
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
1,139
Likely benign
230
Benign
0

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 1 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on PTP4A2 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
100%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
100%
Abnormality of the nervous system
100%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of head or neck
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the eye
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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