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NCSTN

Synonyms
ATAG1874
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is an integral component of the multimeric gamma-secretase complex. The encoded protein cleaves integral membrane proteins, including Notch receptors and beta-amyloid precursor protein, and may be a stabilizing cofactor required for gamma-secretase complex assembly. The cleavage of beta-amyloid precursor protein yields amyloid beta peptide, the main component of the neuritic plaque and the hallmark lesion in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease; however, the nature of the encoded protein's role in Alzheimer's disease is not known for certain. Mutations in this gene are associated with familial acne inversa. A pseudogene of this gene is present on chromosome 21. Alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but the full-length nature of some of these variants has not been determined.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
5
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
1,035
Likely benign
2,927
Benign
7,033

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 4 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on NCSTN gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the immune system
50%
Abnormality of the nervous system
50%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
25%
Abnormality of the digestive system
25%
Abnormality of the eye
25%
Abnormality of the integument
25%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of head or neck
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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