Home > Gene Browser > GPC3

GPC3

Synonyms
DGSX, GTR2-2, MXR7, OCI-5, SDYS, SGB, SGBS, SGBS1
External resources
Summary
Cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans are composed of a membrane-associated protein core substituted with a variable number of heparan sulfate chains. Members of the glypican-related integral membrane proteoglycan family (GRIPS) contain a core protein anchored to the cytoplasmic membrane via a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol linkage. These proteins may play a role in the control of cell division and growth regulation. The protein encoded by this gene can bind to and inhibit the dipeptidyl peptidase activity of CD26, and it can induce apoptosis in certain cell types. Deletion mutations in this gene are associated with Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome, also known as Simpson dysmorphia syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
2
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
1,112
Likely benign
7,556
Benign
119

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 2 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on GPC3 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
100%
Abnormality of the eye
100%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
100%
Abnormality of head or neck
50%
Abnormality of limbs
50%
Abnormality of the ear
50%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
50%
Abnormality of the nervous system
50%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%
Neoplasm
0%

Have a question or need assistance? Ask here.

Send us your questions or comments related to the variant counts and/or patient phenotypes