Home > Gene Browser > CNTF

CNTF

Synonyms
HCNTF
External resources
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a polypeptide hormone whose actions appear to be restricted to the nervous system where it promotes neurotransmitter synthesis and neurite outgrowth in certain neuronal populations. The protein is a potent survival factor for neurons and oligodendrocytes and may be relevant in reducing tissue destruction during inflammatory attacks. A mutation in this gene, which results in aberrant splicing, leads to ciliary neurotrophic factor deficiency, but this phenotype is not causally related to neurologic disease. A read-through transcript variant composed of the upstream ZFP91 gene and CNTF sequence has been identified, but it is thought to be non-coding. Read-through transcription of ZFP91 and CNTF has also been observed in mouse.

Variant counts

Variant classification counts according to ACMG guideline on all identified variants among our tested samples are listed. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
6
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
843
Likely benign
20
Benign
0

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 5 patients carring pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on CNTF gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the eye
80%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
40%
Abnormality of the nervous system
40%
Abnormality of head or neck
20%
Abnormality of the digestive system
20%
Abnormality of the ear
20%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
20%
Abnormality of the immune system
20%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
20%
Growth abnormality
20%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Neoplasm
0%

Have a question or need assistance? Ask here.

Send us your questions or comments related to the variant counts and/or patient phenotypes