Home > Gene Browser > AIFM1

AIFM1

Synonyms
AIF, AUNX1, CMT2D, CMTX4, COWCK, COXPD6, DFNX5, NADMR, NAMSD, PDCD8, SEMDHL
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes a flavoprotein essential for nuclear disassembly in apoptotic cells, and it is found in the mitochondrial intermembrane space in healthy cells. Induction of apoptosis results in the translocation of this protein to the nucleus where it affects chromosome condensation and fragmentation. In addition, this gene product induces mitochondria to release the apoptogenic proteins cytochrome c and caspase-9. Mutations in this gene cause combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 6 (COXPD6), a severe mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, as well as Cowchock syndrome, also known as X-linked recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease-4 (CMTX-4), a disorder resulting in neuropathy, and axonal and motor-sensory defects with deafness and cognitive disability. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A related pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 10.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
2
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
2,844
Likely benign
9,626
Benign
2

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 2 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on AIFM1 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the nervous system
100%
Abnormality of head or neck
50%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
50%
Abnormality of the ear
50%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
50%
Growth abnormality
50%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the eye
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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