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RAG2

Synonyms
RAG-2
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes a protein that is involved in the initiation of V(D)J recombination during B and T cell development. This protein forms a complex with the product of the adjacent recombination activating gene 1, and this complex can form double-strand breaks by cleaving DNA at conserved recombination signal sequences. The recombination activating gene 1 component is thought to contain most of the catalytic activity, while the N-terminal of the recombination activating gene 2 component is thought to form a six-bladed propeller in the active core that serves as a binding scaffold for the tight association of the complex with DNA. A C-terminal plant homeodomain finger-like motif in this protein is necessary for interactions with chromatin components, specifically with histone H3 that is trimethylated at lysine 4. Mutations in this gene cause Omenn syndrome, a form of severe combined immunodeficiency associated with autoimmune-like symptoms.

Variant Counts

Variant classification counts, according to ACMG guideline on all identified variants among our tested samples, are listed. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc.) are excluded.

Pathogenic
0
Likely pathogenic
5
VUS
659
Likely benign
265
Benign
127

Patient Phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 5 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on RAG2 gene are displayed below. The following symptoms were found in patients with a variant in RAG2. However, patients may have been diagnosed with a different variant.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the eye
60%
Abnormality of the integument
20%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
20%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
20%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of head or neck
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the nervous system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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