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PSAP

Synonyms
GLBA, PARK24, PSAPD, SAP1, SAP2
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes a highly conserved preproprotein that is proteolytically processed to generate four main cleavage products including saposins A, B, C, and D. Each domain of the precursor protein is approximately 80 amino acid residues long with nearly identical placement of cysteine residues and glycosylation sites. Saposins A-D localize primarily to the lysosomal compartment where they facilitate the catabolism of glycosphingolipids with short oligosaccharide groups. The precursor protein exists both as a secretory protein and as an integral membrane protein and has neurotrophic activities. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Gaucher disease and metachromatic leukodystrophy. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes an isoform that is proteolytically processed.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
3
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
11,750
Likely benign
2,361
Benign
632

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 3 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on PSAP gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
66.7%
Abnormality of head or neck
33.3%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
33.3%
Abnormality of the digestive system
33.3%
Abnormality of the eye
33.3%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
33.3%
Abnormality of the nervous system
33.3%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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