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MYT1L

Synonyms
MRD39, NZF1, ZC2H2C2, ZC2HC4B, myT1-L
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the zinc finger superfamily of transcription factors whose expression, thus far, has been found only in neuronal tissues. The encoded protein belongs to a novel class of cystein-cystein-histidine-cystein zinc finger proteins that function in the developing mammalian central nervous system. Forced expression of this gene in combination with the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor NeuroD1 and the transcription factors POU class 3 homeobox 2 and achaete-scute family basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor 1 can convert fetal and postnatal human fibroblasts into induced neuronal cells, which are able to generate action potentials. Mutations in this gene have been associated with an autosomal dominant form of cognitive disability and with autism spectrum disorder. Alternative splicing results in multiple variants.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
4
Likely pathogenic
1
VUS
2,546
Likely benign
2,893
Benign
6,293

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 5 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on MYT1L gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the nervous system
60%
Abnormality of head or neck
20%
Abnormality of the ear
20%
Abnormality of the eye
20%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
20%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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