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ITGA8

Synonyms
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External resources
Summary
Integrins are heterodimeric transmembrane receptor proteins that mediate numerous cellular processes including cell adhesion, cytoskeletal rearrangement, and activation of cell signaling pathways. Integrins are composed of alpha and beta subunits. This gene encodes the alpha 8 subunit of the heterodimeric integrin alpha8beta1 protein. The encoded protein is a single-pass type 1 membrane protein that contains multiple FG-GAP repeats. This repeat is predicted to fold into a beta propeller structure. This gene regulates the recruitment of mesenchymal cells into epithelial structures, mediates cell-cell interactions, and regulates neurite outgrowth of sensory and motor neurons. The integrin alpha8beta1 protein thus plays an important role in wound-healing and organogenesis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with renal hypodysplasia/aplasia-1 (RHDA1) and with several animal models of chronic kidney disease. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms.

Variant counts

Variant classification counts according to ACMG guideline on all identified variants among our tested samples are listed. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
8
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
6,380
Likely benign
803
Benign
67

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 8 patients carring pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on ITGA8 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the ear
25%
Abnormality of the eye
25%
Abnormality of the nervous system
25%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
12.5%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of head or neck
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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