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INSIG1

Synonyms
CL6
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes an endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein that regulates cholesterol metabolism, lipogenesis, and glucose homeostasis. The encoded protein has six transmembrane helices which contain an effector protein binding site. It binds the sterol-sensing domains of sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) cleavage-activating protein (SCAP) and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase), and is essential for the sterol-mediated trafficking of these two proteins. It promotes the endoplasmic reticulum retention of SCAP and the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of HMG-CoA reductase. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.

Variant Counts

Variant classification counts, according to ACMG guideline on all identified variants among our tested samples, are listed. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc.) are excluded.

Pathogenic
0
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
1,744
Likely benign
284
Benign
0

Patient Phenotypes

No patients carry pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on INSIG1 gene.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)

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