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HYAL2

Synonyms
LUCA2
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes a weak acid-active hyaluronidase. The encoded protein is similar in structure to other more active hyaluronidases. Hyaluronidases degrade hyaluronan, one of the major glycosaminoglycans of the extracellular matrix. Hyaluronan and fragments of hyaluronan are thought to be involved in cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. Although it was previously thought to be a lysosomal hyaluronidase that is active at a pH below 4, the encoded protein is likely a GPI-anchored cell surface protein. This hyaluronidase serves as a receptor for the oncogenic virus Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus. The gene is one of several related genes in a region of chromosome 3p21.3 associated with tumor suppression. This gene encodes two alternatively spliced transcript variants which differ only in the 5' UTR.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
6
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
412
Likely benign
782
Benign
0

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 6 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on HYAL2 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the ear
66.7%
Abnormality of the nervous system
50%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
33.3%
Abnormality of the digestive system
33.3%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
33.3%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
33.3%
Abnormality of head or neck
16.7%
Abnormality of limbs
16.7%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the eye
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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