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GRIK2

Synonyms
EAA4, GLR6, GLUK6, GLUR6, GluK2, MRT6, NEDLAS
External resources
Summary
Glutamate receptors are the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the mammalian brain and are activated in a variety of normal neurophysiologic processes. This gene product belongs to the kainate family of glutamate receptors, which are composed of four subunits and function as ligand-activated ion channels. The subunit encoded by this gene is subject to RNA editing at multiple sites within the first and second transmembrane domains, which is thought to alter the structure and function of the receptor complex. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have also been described for this gene. Mutations in this gene have been associated with autosomal recessive cognitive disability.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
4
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
2,765
Likely benign
11,088
Benign
107

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 3 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on GRIK2 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the nervous system
66.7%
Abnormality of head or neck
33.3%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
33.3%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
33.3%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
33.3%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the eye
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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