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BCL2A1

Synonyms
ACC-1, ACC-2, ACC1, ACC2, BCL2L5, BFL1, GRS, HBPA1
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the BCL-2 protein family. The proteins of this family form hetero- or homodimers and act as anti- and pro-apoptotic regulators that are involved in a wide variety of cellular activities such as embryonic development, homeostasis and tumorigenesis. The protein encoded by this gene is able to reduce the release of pro-apoptotic cytochrome c from mitochondria and block caspase activation. This gene is a direct transcription target of NF-kappa B in response to inflammatory mediators, and is up-regulated by different extracellular signals, such as granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), CD40, phorbol ester and inflammatory cytokine TNF and IL-1, which suggests a cytoprotective function that is essential for lymphocyte activation as well as cell survival. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.

Variant counts

Variant classification counts according to ACMG guideline on all identified variants among our tested samples are listed. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
6
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
383
Likely benign
54
Benign
0

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 6 patients carring pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on BCL2A1 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the nervous system
83.3%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
66.7%
Abnormality of head or neck
33.3%
Growth abnormality
33.3%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
16.7%
Abnormality of the digestive system
16.7%
Abnormality of the eye
16.7%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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