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RPL5

Synonyms
L5, MSTP030, PPP1R135, uL18
External resources
Summary
Ribosomes, the organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of four RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a member of the L18P family of ribosomal proteins and component of the 60S subunit. The encoded protein binds 5S rRNA to form a stable complex called the 5S ribonucleoprotein particle (RNP), which is necessary for the transport of nonribosome-associated cytoplasmic 5S rRNA to the nucleolus for assembly into ribosomes. The encoded protein may also function to inhibit tumorigenesis through the activation of downstream tumor suppressors and the downregulation of oncoprotein expression. Mutations in this gene have been identified in patients with Diamond-Blackfan Anemia (DBA). This gene is co-transcribed with the small nucleolar RNA gene U21, which is located in its fifth intron. As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed throughout the genome.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
2
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
867
Likely benign
1,015
Benign
1,666

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 2 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on RPL5 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Growth abnormality
100%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
50%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
50%
Abnormality of the digestive system
50%
Abnormality of the immune system
50%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of head or neck
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the eye
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
0%
Abnormality of the nervous system
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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