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FMR1

Synonyms
FMRP, FRAXA, POF, POF1
External resources
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene binds RNA and is associated with polysomes. The encoded protein may be involved in mRNA trafficking from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. A trinucleotide repeat (CGG) in the 5' UTR is normally found at 6-53 copies, but an expansion to 55-230 repeats is the cause of fragile X syndrome. Expansion of the trinucleotide repeat may also cause one form of premature ovarian failure (POF1). Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms and which are located in different cellular locations have been described for this gene.

Variant counts

Variant classification counts according to ACMG guideline on all identified variants among our tested samples are listed. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
4
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
7,109
Likely benign
369
Benign
0

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 4 patients carring pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on FMR1 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the nervous system
50%
Growth abnormality
50%
Abnormality of head or neck
25%
Abnormality of the eye
25%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
25%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
25%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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