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DCX

Synonyms
DBCN, DC, LISX, SCLH, XLIS
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the doublecortin family. The protein encoded by this gene is a cytoplasmic protein and contains two doublecortin domains, which bind microtubules. In the developing cortex, cortical neurons must migrate over long distances to reach the site of their final differentiation. The encoded protein appears to direct neuronal migration by regulating the organization and stability of microtubules. In addition, the encoded protein interacts with LIS1, the regulatory gamma subunit of platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase, and this interaction is important to proper microtubule function in the developing cortex. Mutations in this gene cause abnormal migration of neurons during development and disrupt the layering of the cortex, leading to epilepsy, cognitive disability, subcortical band heterotopia ('double cortex' syndrome) in females and lissencephaly ('smooth brain' syndrome) in males. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
8
Likely pathogenic
2
VUS
341
Likely benign
72
Benign
1,205

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 10 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on DCX gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
50%
Abnormality of the nervous system
40%
Abnormality of head or neck
30%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
30%
Growth abnormality
20%
Abnormality of limbs
10%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
10%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the digestive system
0%
Abnormality of the ear
0%
Abnormality of the eye
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the immune system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Neoplasm
0%

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