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ATF6

Synonyms
ACHM7, ATF6A
External resources
Summary
This gene encodes a transcription factor that activates target genes for the unfolded protein response (UPR) during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Although it is a transcription factor, this protein is unusual in that it is synthesized as a transmembrane protein that is embedded in the ER. It functions as an ER stress sensor/transducer, and following ER stress-induced proteolysis, it functions as a nuclear transcription factor via a cis-acting ER stress response element (ERSE) that is present in the promoters of genes encoding ER chaperones. This protein has been identified as a survival factor for quiescent but not proliferative squamous carcinoma cells. There have been conflicting reports about the association of polymorphisms in this gene with diabetes in different populations, but another polymorphism has been associated with increased plasma cholesterol levels. This gene is also thought to be a potential therapeutic target for cystic fibrosis.

Variant counts

The variants found in rare patients tested by 3billion are classified and counted according to ACMG guidelines. The variants with over 5% variant frequency in population genome databases ( gnomAD, dbSNP, etc) are excluded.

Pathogenic
12
Likely pathogenic
0
VUS
8,506
Likely benign
1,705
Benign
57

Patient phenotypes

Proportions of phenotypes among 12 patients carrying pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on ATF6 gene are displayed below.

Phenotype class
Patients in 3billion (%)
Abnormality of the eye
41.7%
Abnormality of the nervous system
25%
Abnormality of the cardiovascular system
8.3%
Abnormality of the digestive system
8.3%
Abnormality of the ear
8.3%
Abnormality of the immune system
8.3%
Neoplasm
8.3%
Abnormal cellular phenotype
0%
Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues
0%
Abnormality of head or neck
0%
Abnormality of limbs
0%
Abnormality of metabolism homeostasis
0%
Abnormality of prenatal development or birth
0%
Abnormality of the breast
0%
Abnormality of the endocrine system
0%
Abnormality of the genitourinary system
0%
Abnormality of the integument
0%
Abnormality of the musculoskeletal system
0%
Abnormality of the respiratory system
0%
Abnormality of the thoracic cavity
0%
Abnormality of the voice
0%
Constitutional symptom
0%
Growth abnormality
0%

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